This is a discussion on POT/HAND ODDS HELP within the online poker forums, in the Poker Rooms section; Ok Ive been playing poker for about 8 months now. I am still a beginner. I play mostly on line. I do pretty well on 



#1




POT/HAND ODDS HELP
Ok Ive been playing poker for about 8 months now. I am still a beginner. I play mostly on line. I do pretty well on most of my sessions and tournaments. I never use pot or hand odds. I need some help with this. I've read some books on it. I'm not sure I understand all the strategy behind it. Should I make up a chart or try to memorize the card odds? Is there any where I can get a copy of a chart on line? Whats the best way to practice it? Do you use it in just tournaments or ring games also? I think my game will improve if I can use this.

#2




There is no chart really. Although I am sure you can find one that preflop odds on starting hands. Very simply odds are how you determine when you should call fold or raise. Determing pot odds is actually very simple. Ration of money in the pot to the amount of money it takes to make your next move/bet. Example $10 in the pot $1 to call 10:1 pot odds. Next you determine the number of "outs" you believe you have left in the deck to make the best hand out of the unseen cards, not the best possible hand the best hand of the players in the game. For instance on turn there are 6 seen cards 4 on the board and 2 in your hand so 46 unseen cards. outs/46 compared to pot odds determines your move. If the pot odds are higher or equal to the odds of hitting your hand you continue on other wise you fold. Hope that helps.......

#3




Here's a ready reckoner for comparing outs to pot odds. Not quite as accurate as xdmanx's flawless exposition, but easier on the brain:
First, estimate percentage of pot you need to pay to call. Example: $9 in pot, $1 to call, your $1 call is 10% of the total pot. Then, count your outs and double it. This is your percentage chance of making your hand on the next card. Compare the two. If your chances of winning are bigger than the money you are putting in the pot to call, then you call. Otherwise you fold. Here's an example hand from limit hold'em: A64 all diamonds on board, you have the King of diamonds and 9 of clubs. (I guess you must have been in the blind!) You have 9 outs, because any of the 9 diamonds left will give you the nut flush, about an 18% chance. 18% is better than 10% so you have an easy call on the turn. Suppose the turn is a blank. Now there's $13 in the pot and it will cost you $2 for you to see the river. Without a calculator, that's still less than 15%. I've still got my 9 outs, so my chances of winning are still about 18%. So I call again. I'm not going to get rich quick with this small edge, but casinos are built on smaller margins. The best thing of all is, people will mutter about "chasing" and "lucky" when the D hits on the river That's pot odds. P.s. if you reckon you are going to win extra bets if you make your hand but fold if you don't, you can have fun estimating "implied odds", but that's one for another day! 
#4




So if I have 4 hearts after the flop and nothing else and I believe my opponet has top pair. My odds are 525=47 47/9(hearts left)=5.2 So 5.2 to 1 or 5 to 1 so with your 10 to 1 example I'm calling every time. But if there is $4 in the pot and it costs me $1 to call, do I fold that every time? With 2 cards to come do I use these odds litterally every time. Like in this example where I need 51 to call but it is just 41.
THANKS FOR YOUR HELP GUYS!!!!!! 
#5




Crumble, that method does get you close to the exact pot odds and is a good way to do an "on the fly" assesment and is an interesting way to look at pot odds. Great for beginners still trying to master the game. It doesn't confuse them with numbers while they're trying to decide if their hand is still live. Good post.

#6




Like anything, the more you use it the less mysterious it becomes. I use pot odds most frequently when I'm setting them for an opponent. Most people simply overbet the pot to keep an opponent off a draw, ,n effect, chickening out. They drive out the opposition instead of enticing them to make another, unproffitable bet. You don't have time in a game to whip out the calculator each hand, so there are some tricks that you must commit to memory.
CALLING A BET AFTER THE FLOP OUTS CHANCE OF FILLING Gut Shot or inside straight draw 4 16.5% or 1:5 +/ Open Ended Straight 8 31.5% or 2:1 +/ Flush 9 35% or 2:1 +/ Straight Flush Draw 15 54.1% or 1:1 +/ THE RULE OF 4, Another Trick. For quick approximate determination of all other scenerios take the number of outs you have with 2 cards to come and multiply that number by 4 to get your percentage chance of filling your draw. The results are surprisingly accurate. They do start to drift a bit after 10 outs. example 3 outs x 4 = 12% or 7:1 the actual percentage is 12.5% 7 outs x 4 = 28% or 2 1/2:1 the actual percentage is 27.8% This also works well with 1 card to come, but then you must multiply your outs by 2 instead of 4. One final trick. When your fixing the odds for an opponent. A bet of 1/2 the pot gives your opponent 1 1/2:1 odds A bet of the entire pot gives your opponent 2:1 odds A bet of 1/3 the pot gives your opponent 4:1 pot odds A bet of 2/3 the pot gives your opponent 21/2:1 odds A bet of 3/4 the pot gives your opponent 21/3:1 odds A bet of 3/4 the pot gives your opponent 21/3:1 odds A bet of 1/4 the pot gives your opponent 5:1 odds Don't bother trying to cut it too close when fixing the odds. Just remember, gamblers are opptimistic and are more inclined to call with marginally unfavorable odds than to fold. And Please, no bad beat stories when then the draw out on you. 
#7




re: Poker & POT/HAND ODDS HELP
Thats some good stuff there Four Dogs. I'm gonna start using it and maybe I'll catch on. The fixing odds for an opponent trick is a great Idea. I'll try and use this one too. 20 seconds is how long I have to act so it will be hard to impliment this all at once. As far as bad beats go. Do'nt worry about me complaining about em. I can't stand reading about em so I don't write about em. Thanks dogs. You Rock.

#8




Quote:
After the flop, if youīre using the rule of four, youīre adding up the turn and river odds of making your hand. But that is not how it works. You donīt have to add them up. Why? Look at this analogy: How many odds do i have of getting at least one head if i flip a coin twice? According to the rule of 4 philosophy, you have to add up the two odds of getting head. The odd of getting head in the first toss is 50%, and the odd of getting head in second toss is also 50%. If you add them up, thatīs 100%. Obviously that cannot be, because it can happen that in the two toss you get head. Itīs the same in poker. The first toss is the turn and the second is the river. Now letīs take this into a poker situation: You have K J and the flop comes 2 Q 9. You think that there are two cards that make your hand winner: the 10 (giving you the straight) and the K. You have 7 outs (four 10s and three Ks) The pot size is $4 and there is a bet of $1. According to Crumbleīs tip to calculate the percentage of the pot, it would be 20% (1 is 20% of the total pot of 5) Now according to the rule of 4, you multiply 7 by 4 and you get 28% of making your hand. 28% is higher than 20%, so itīs a right call? The answer is no. Why? Because that 28% doesnīt have to be there. That 28% represent the add up of the turn odds and the river odds, and for calculating pot odds you donīt have to do that. Letīs do it right: Itīs just so simple like changing the 4 by 2. You multiply 7 outs by 2, and thatīs 14%. Now you compare your hand odds and the percentage of the pot. 14% is less than 20%. So you shouldīt call. If you see, my example itīs the same as Crumbleīs. Maybe FourDogs you didnīt realize that he also multiplied the outs by 2 after the flop instead of multiplying them by 4. Do you understand now why the total odds (adding up the turn and river) are totally useless? If you didnīt understand the coin flip analogy, i can tell you in few words why in you musnīt calculate the total odds and you must calculate each card for separated: The reason is simple: you donīt know how much is going to be the bet after the turn. In the same exaple as before, letīs say you called the $1 bet and the turn is a 4. This card doesnīt help you. Now the player bets $1.50 making a pot of $6.50. You have to call $1.50 to win a total pot of $7.50. You calculate the percentage: $1.50 is the 20% of $7.50 The same situation as before, but now the price is too high for you, because the 20% is higher than your 14% (7 outs x 2). So remember, never use the rule of 4 after the flop to calculate your pot odds. 
#10




Twizzy is correct. If you know how to calculate pot odds but don't know what to do with your result  what good is knowing how to calculate them.
And as far as "never" use the rule of 4  that goes against any pros info I've ever read. You use the rule of 4 on the turn and the rule of 2 on the river  or so I've read. And yes, there are charts online... just search "pot odds chart" on google or ?? and you'll find some to print out or look at. 
#11




Quote:
I didnīt say "never use the rule of 4". There is a tricky thing there, i said: "never use the rule of 4 to calculate your pot odds". That changes pretty much not? You have to use the rule of 4 when you want to know your hand odds as a total, but if you want to calculate the pot odds, the thing changes. I hope the reason of why it changes i gave you on my last post were clear, if not, please tell me. 
#12




Quote:
So .8298x.8261=.6855 is the chance of not filling your outs with 2 cards to come. 1.6855=.3145 is your chance of catching your dream card. Thats about 31%. Remember the rule of 4? Number of outs 8, multiplied by the magic number 4 = 32%. Pretty darn close. But that's not the end of the story. There's another step which for the sake of brevity, and because it seemed to obvious to bother with. Lets look at our straight draw again, assuming you don't question my math. You have a 31% chance of filling the out after the flop, by the numbers. A 32% chance using the rule of 4. For the sake of ease, lets just call it 33%. That means there's a 66% of missing right? 2:1. Pot Odds. Done! Unless your trapping with a flush, you don't want to give your opponent better odds than that to call. A bet of slightly larger than the pot will play on his optimism while, in the long run, turning you a profit. Here's where you made your mistake with your funny coin. In your analogy you added your 2 chances thus arriving at a 100% chance of getting heads. It's bad math. Pot or coin odds are calculated by multiplying one chance against the next not adding them. Your coin has a 75% chance of turning heads with 2 tries. ANYONE ELSE WANT A PIECE OF ME! 
#15




Quote:
I know you didnīt invented the rule of 4. Clonie Gowen told it on a mail and Phil Gordon told it chatting on FTP. I know that the formula works quite well with 2 cards to come. I know that it will give you a very good idea of your chances of picking up your out card after the flop. Not on the next card. I know all that. Actually, i use that rule. But when do i use it? When i want a general idea of where iīm standing on the hand. For example, it helps to know that if i have an inside straight draw i probably donīt have to chase it, because 4 x 4 = 16% and thatīs very low, but if i have a flush draw with two overcards probably i should be raising, because 15 x 4 = 60%, and thatīs very high. That rule works pretty well to calculate the total hand odds. And itīs very useful. But where itīs useless? When you are calculating the pot odds. Why?...i already said the reason, but iīm going to repeat it until you finally understand it. To calculate pot odds you need a pot and a bet. And that factors are variable. The only case where you should use the rule of 4 after the flop to calculate pot odds is if you know that on the turn your opponent will check. But if not, you donīt know how much is he gonna be the bet, so thatīs why you must calculate the pot odds on each card, not both at the same time. The right odds you can calculate with the rule of 4, but the pot odds no. You can calculate the turn and river odds of making your hand, but you canīt calculate the pot odds in advance if you donīt know what the bet is going to be. If you donīt believe, search for information or ask to a pro (you play at FTP) is your pot odds for catching a flush should be 2:1 as you say or 4:1 as i say. Iīm 100% sure that they are going to say you that if you have a flush draw after the flop, your pot odds are 4:1. If you call with a flush draw after the flop with 2:1, in the long run you arenīt going to have a profit. Remember: you should use the rule of 4 after the flop to calculate your pot odds ONLY if you are 100% sure that there is not going to be a bet on the turn. Look at this example: You hold: flush draw Flop: $10 Pot + $10 bet You call: $10 (getting 2 to 1 odds) Turn: $30 pot + $10 bet You call: $10 (getting 4 to 1 odds) If you are right Dogs that play should make you a profit in the long run (i chose 100 hands to make it more exact). Letīs see if you are right: Cost to play = 100 Hands x ($10 flop call + $10 turn call) = $2,000 Total won = 100 hands x 35% chance to win x $50 pot = $1,750 You paid $2000 to win $1750....a profit? I donīt think so. Now letīs play as i say: You hold: flush draw Flop: $30 pot + $10 bet You call: $10 (getting 4 to 1 odds) Turn: $50 pot + $16 bet You call: $16 (getting about 4 to 1 odds) Again letīs see in the long run of 100 hands: Cost to play = 100 hands x ($10 flop call + $16 turn call) = $2,600 Total won = 100 hands x 35% chance to win * $82 pot = $2,870 You paid $2600 to win $2870.....a profit? Of course. If you realize on the first example i used 2:1 pot odds because i used the rule of 4, but in my second example, where it exist a profit, i just multiplied the outs by 2 (after the flop). Again, if you calculate the pot odds using the rule of 4 after the flop, youīre assuming that there will not be a bet on the turn. Now letīs go with the funny coin: I know itīs bad math to add the two 50% to make a 100%. I told it was bad math. Why i told that? Because even if you donīt believe that analogy works to explain the same thing of pot odds that i explained before. If you use the rule of 4 to calculate pot odds after the flop, youīre adding up the turn and river odds. And as i said before, unless itīs going to be a certain check on the turn, adding the turn and river is incorrect. I also know that the coin has really 75% of getting head at least one time. 1  (1/2 x 1/2) = 1  (1/4) = 3/4 = 75%. Here in Chile the schools are bad, but at least i know something of probabilities. Now, ANYONE ELSE WANT A PIECE OF ME! lol 
#16




I wonder how many people here look at the post above and just assume Jesus is correct because it's so long and has got a lot of numbers in it? Since I haven't seen anyone else chime in it looks like I'm going to have to battle this one out alone. But that's OK, I'm a gamer. I can see now I'm going to have to give you the Diabloblanco treatment. Give me a day to give this the attention it deserves. THEN I WILL CHEW YOU UP AND SPIT OUT THE PIECES!
Don't worry Diablo, I still hate you too. 
#17




Don't worry I have more than 2cents 2 put in! Of course I will be doing so shortly. Be warned though there are just as many opinions on pot odds as there are Chinese. I see alot of terminology errors in this thread. Might take a minute to sort...........

#19




OK Since this thread has the potential to be very active I will post proper definitions of the terminology that will most likely be used so that we cut down on confusion.
Pot Odds: The ratio of the current size of the pot to the bet you must call. Considered critical in determining the correct move. The number you come up with strictly concerns the money or bets in the pot! Implied Odds: Pot odds adjusted for future betting. Somewhat speculative because you must predict what will happen in future betting rounds. Outs: The number of unseen cards that improve an inferior hand to a winning hand. This is what you compare to pot odds to determine the proper mathmatical play. Now Michele made a critical point these numbers mean absolutely nothing if you do not properly apply them to the game. I personally don't take the numbers to the percentage stage I leave em in raw odds form to compare them. If you are more comfortable with percentages they work as well, simply a different way of expressing the same concept. I'll actively monitor this thread to try and keep it on track. Remember words are extremely important so try and make sure you have the correct terms. Please ask if you want or need a definition I left out! 
#20




OK Here is an attempt to clear things up a little. I will simplify this as much as I can. First Jesus good job on trying to think it through. Now what you call "total odds" of hitting your hand on the turn and river is VERY useful after the flop not useless. The rule of 4 to calculate your percent chance to hit your draw on both the turn and river is an aproximate value which gets you close which is really all that is needed unless you are playing limit poker against expert level competition. Having said that if you can knock out the math in your head for each card then you should do so. Don't confuse pot odds with expectation. Expectation is what you come up with when you compare your pot odds to the odds of hitting the best hand, for our purposes expectation is simply positive or negative or; go or fold. If you are getting better odds from the pot; than the odds of hitting your hand your expectation is positive so you should continue. I think you are on the right track but you really need to get the terms correct. Now technically you are correct when you say it is impossible to calculate your true expectation after the flop because you don't know for sure what kind of betting will take place in the future that is why you should estimate future bets and factor them into your pot odds, at that point your pot odds become implied odds. When done correctly implied odds give you a much more accurate value in determining wether ot not to contine. Quite often implied odds will change the decisions you should make during the hand, from what pot odds tell you to do. SHEW! Hope that helps.

#21




re: Poker & POT/HAND ODDS HELP
Well, I started this thread cause I wanted to get some help figuring out how to impliment the card and pot odds. Remember I'm a beginner and now with all these posts I'm getting kinda confused? So I gues the rule of 4 with 2 cards to come and the rule of 2 with 1 card. Right? perhaps u can clarify 1 time xd.

#24




Sammy, I think what Jesus is trying to say is that, as the Rule of 4 is usefull in determining your pot odds with 2 cards to come, it is in effect useless in all practicality because you should only be concerned with your odds of hitting the next card. Well, I wouldn't go so far as to call it useless, but technically he's correct. Its variation, the Rule of 2, is equally convenient for that purpose. But lets not dismiss the big brother. There are several common situations where you need to figure your pot odds with 2 cards to come. Here are some examples.
1) The most obvious application is the forced AllIn. Are the pot odds favorable? Remember, once you call, your opponent can't make you bet again. 2) This is my favorite! When the 1st bet will leave you short stacked, it is often the case that when you miss your draw, your opponent will no longer be able to raise enough to make a final call unproffitable. You may in fact get far better odds than you need to see the river. This should be taken into account on your previous bet. Unless your playing with Chris Ferguson it's unlikely that your opponent considered this. 3) Your Implied Pot Odds, a more abstract concept which XDMANX touched upon, justify the 2 combined bets. Implied odds are tough to figure. There's no cute math trick for this. It's really more of a confidence level that, when you draw out, the future size of the pot will justify your first 2 bets. In short, when you hit, your gonna rake it in! How the heck are you supposed to know that? Good 'ol poker instincts, my greatest failing. 
#25




i understand what jesus is on about
basically the rule of 4 gives the odds of hitting your hand by the river when calculated postflop if you're trying to figure out your pot odds and your odds of hitting your hand after the flop, for your odds of hitting you're hand in this situation, you can't use the rule of 4 because it doesn't assume that your opponent will bet next hand, and at such a time you will have to recalculate you're odds of hitting again but if you're using the rule of 4 after the turn, you're only calculating for 1 more card, and don't have to worry about a bet after that since it's the last that's my take on it at least Quote:
didn't see that post LOL ignore my last one then! 
#26




ok rule of 4 has nothing to do with the pot it strictly gives you an idea of your chances of hitting your hand. Pot odds strictly deal with the money in the pot not the cards in your hand. Compare the 2 factors(or outs to pot odds) and you get expectation, what result you expect from the hand, which alot of you are confusing with pot odds! Now if you can figure the odds of your draw falling on both cards how is that less useful than doing it for 1 card to come? Key point though is terminology cause looks like for the most part everybody has a decent understanding the terms especially pot odds just seem to be getting interchanged too much.

#27




What it really comes down to is  weighing the relationship of your pot odds to the odds of making your hand  and go from there and make your decision to play.
Check out the charts available and you will understand it a little better. And if you take all the time to figure out your pot odd, implied odds, turn card odds, river card odds, what should I do?? LOL, I'm sure your fellow players will be on your case to just  PLAY!!!! 
#28




re: Poker & POT/HAND ODDS HELP
Quote:

#30




Quote:
You are on a flush draw on the turn so you need 4:1 pot odds to call. Your opponent bets offering you 3:1 pot odds. You probably think you should fold, but that can be a wrong move. Here is when implied odds acts. You have to anticipate the next betting round. If you catch your draw, maybe your opponent is going to call a bet on the river, so youīre anticipating 4:1 pot odds, which means a right call. So fourdogs, we both were right. xdmanx, thanks for saying the correct terms. Iīm a newbie and i donīt know all the correct terms (like i didnīt know the difference between trips and set you said on another thread). I understand my ideas and what iīm trying to say, but sorry if i cannot explain them because of the wrong terms i use and my bad english. Now i know exactly when to use the term pot odds and the difference between it and "expectation". Almost all the time i was really talking about expectation and not pot odds. But i think thereīs no mistake on the mathematical situation i wrote before of why not using the rule of 4 after the flop to calculate your hand odds and them comparing them with your pot odds, except on the 3 situation that fourdogs gave. Poker is a game of unknown factors, so thatīs why all the mathematical things arenīt going to work as you expected everytime, and thatīs why you have put a read on your opponents and when you cannot do math, you need to beliebe in your instinctsto have some other strategies to win the hand. Odds calculation are just a part (very big, but itīs not all) of your entire arsenal. But itīs very useful to have a general idea of where are you standing at a hand and when itīs correct to call or fold. 
#32




Most simpliest of odds to remember for those who don't like math.
Flush draw.. 35% of making it drawn down to the river after the flop. Yet lets say before the flop you have AX suited and someone calls allin. Would it be justifiable to make the call because pot odds are now 2:1? "nut flush draw for simplicity". I know king,queen, jack, 10 could make for the straight draw.. Just keeping it simple I hope, just aiming for a strong flush draw. 
#33




Quote:
If youīre thinking just about getting the flush, your hand odds are like 12% (i think). But why did you say that pot odds are now 2:1? You said that as supposition? If you get 2:1 pot odds, then you shouldnīt make the call. Because you ratio hand odds are 7:1, and the pot odds are 2:1. The pot odds have to be greater than your hand odds to make a profitable call, and on the situation you told you are not even near to make a good call. I think that you committed some mistakes on your question. I think you tried to say this: "Letīs say you have AX suited. After the flop you have flush draw and someone goes allin. If you know that only the flush make your hand winner and the all in bet was equal to the pot size making the pot odds 2:1, would it be justifiable to make the call because pot odds are 2:1?" Now the answer is yes. Why? Because if youīre on a flush draw you use the rule of 4 and you get that your hand odds are 2:1. The way you calculated that hand odds was useful just because you know that there is not going to be a bet on the turn (because the player went all in), if the player wasnīt all in, you hand odds would be 4:1. Like your hand odds, also your pot odds are 2:1, so that makes a right call. I also think that you confused the hand odds (35% = 2:1) with the pot odds (2:1 if the bet is equal to the pot size) Hand odds are the chances of making your hand (in this case catching the flush) and pot odds are the money that you have to pay compared to the pot size. Xdmanx made the corrections before, but i repeated it because itīs important to use the right terms so everybody can understand the same thing. ps: as xdmanx said, i want to learn. Maybe all what i said was wrong, so please tell me if i am wrong, specially you fourdogs, because i know youīre going to be next to post on this thread. 
#34




Quote:

#35




re: Poker & POT/HAND ODDS HELP
Quote:
By definition pot odds are a ratio of the amount of money in the pot compared with how much money it takes to call. Xdmanx gave that definition before and i also did in my last post. The relation between the hand odds (chances of winning the pot) and the pot odds is called "EXPECTATION". 
