This is a discussion on $10 NLHE 6-max: UTG Raise gets 3 bet within the online poker forums, in the Cash Game Hand Analysis section; Please, someone explain how 3-betting works... any books? videos? What do I do when I get 3 bet? When should I re-raise pre?
Sorry- to be
In general you should play tight against 3-bets out of position, and especially in a situation like this, where you open UTG, and UTG+1 pops it up right away with the entire table still left to act after him. However that being said AK is certainly to strong to fold to an undersized 3-bet, so you have to continue here.
You can continue by calling or 4-betting, and the best strategy is actually to mix it up a bit, because AK is a hand, you have so often. Its nice to have AK in your calling range on A high or K high flops, and its also a nice 4-betting hand, because it block AA and KK.
This time you 4-bet, and that is fine. However stacking off postflop, when you completely miss, is a spew. You can either check the flop or bet very small like 25% pot, and in both cases you have to fold, if you face any significant aggression from him.
I know, the spot suck. You put in a quarter of your stack already, and now you have to check-fold. But sometimes there is no better option, when you are out of position in a 4-bet pot and missed the board completely. Its not exactly a shocker, that he had a hand like JJ. In fact this is exactly the kind of hand, he is supposed to be calling your 4-bet with.
AK is a very strong hand, so a third preflop climb is acceptable.
In this case, if you matched the second bet of the villain, your stack was reduced by 8%
Considering that you must do tribet, you should keep 75% of your stack, so as not to enter your push line. (It would also be acceptable with this hand in 3bet, since you block top pairs)
Then you should raise the remaining 16%, this would be approximately a 3bet of: 2.5 at most, so that your 3bet is profitable and you can make a comfortable fold to a fourth preflop bet.
Usually 2.3-2.4 x 3bet, so in this spot I prefer ~20bb (you can add 1bb, up to 22-23bb because you are out of position).
There is also one important thing, I've got so much problem with. How wide should I defend my range vs 3 bets OOP? There's a big difference between defending UTG vs BU and HJ vs BU, but how should I create my ranges? In this spot (AKo) is hand, which I mix -depends on villain. What if my opening range is about 15% on UTG, should I defend only top 5%? More, less? What about CO vs BU with 27% open-raising? 10-15%? Some hands to 4 bet for value, some hands for 4bet bluffs and some calls?