Guide to Fighting the Semibluff

Poker SemibluffYou may have heard somewhere that you should raise to punish draws, or to deny your opponents correct odds for drawing. Let me first make my point quickly: It's good to bet to get more money in when you're ahead, and it's good to bet enough so that people will make a mistake if they call with a draw - but you probably shouldn't /raise/ your opponent's bet even if you strongly suspect that he's on a draw.

In other words: Bet to punish draws, but don't raise to punish draws.

The problem that you run into when you hold a hand that you want to take to showdown - overpair, top pair, etc - and raise an opponent that you suspect is semibluffing (but you don't know for sure) is that he has the option of re-raising with his monsters and just call with his draws. This is true for both limit and no-limit. In fact, depending on your opponent's tendencies, you may be as certain as 75% that he's semibluffing and it would *still* be wrong to raise. Let's look at an example:

Heads-up flop where you raised preflop versus the BB. You have AA, and the board shows T-9-2, two hearts, one spade. You bet, your opponent in the big blind calls. The turn comes 5 of spades. Your opponent leads out. Even if you strongly suspect him to be semibluffing in the hopes of taking the pot down versus an unimproved ace-high hand or similar, you still probably cannot afford to raise him. If we expect that his range is as likely to be a big draw (open-ended straight draws, flush draws) as it is to be two pair or a set (for this example, ignore how we can be so sure that he doesn't just have a hand like A-T), then we're in this predicament:

Half the time, we're 80% to win.
Half the time, we're only a little bit more than 10% to win.

On average, he has the edge. This alone means that we shouldn't raise. But what if the proportion was that he's semibluffing 2/3rds of the time?

Two-thirds of the time, we're 80% to win.
One-third of the time, we're only a little bit more than 10% to win.

Surely now we have the edge? Yes, we do - but only up to the second before we make the raise! As soon as we raise, our opponent has the edge again, but one-third of the time he's might re-raise with a hand that crushes ours. The fact that through raising we're opening up the betting for him again is what makes all the difference. We really can't fight the semibluff with aggression. In fact, there isn't really a defense against the semibluff other than to call and re-evaluate the river. In a big pot, occasionally making a blocking bet with a big draw can, in other words, be great if you also sometimes do the same thing with big hands (sets etc). If your opponent raises you when you have a draw, you're in trouble - but the times he does it when you have the big hand, he just cost himself a stack.

Note that this doesn't hold true when stacks are shorter and your initial raise will put either of you all-in. The danger lies in being re-raised, not in raising to begin with. If you take away his ability to re-raise you, you just need the usual 50% chance to win to make money.

The conclusion then: If you never semibluff or lead out with draws, consider trying it to get a feel for what it can do. Occasionally also do it with big hands. And if your opponent leads into you on a drawy board when your hand is vulnerable and he either has a big hand or just a draw, you often shouldn't raise.

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