My Crash Course in becoming a tournament player. I write notes whenever im studying poker so i thought id post them since I just rewrote them, massively TLDR for most by meh.
Tournaments are all about variance, if you arenít going to embrace variance and playing for 6 hours and bubbling everything, go play cash.
There is an awesome article by http://www.philgalfond.com/it-always...nce-doesnt-it/
. That was a real eye opener for me, when your life is balanced and you are healthy and happy you play your best poker.
A good attitude on poker is essential
tilt is unacceptable, tilt is literally setting money
poker is a game of logic and deduction, it is not a game of luck, luck has no effect on any of our decisions
-How to become a better player, I think you should join a training site or get in touch with a group of good players whom you can discuss hands with.
-Notepad your mistakes everytime you make an error so you can catergorize your errors and better address your leaks.
-look at hands you felt lost in or were unsure of the correct line and post them.
-put types of hands v different ranges (narrow/wide/weak/polarized/capped) and see how each hand fares. (baudib1 posted a cool thread about how suited connectors and small pairs fare against different ranges.)Lightbulb moments.
- colour code HUD so that we immediately tell which opponents have which obvious leaks. be sure to check sample size to be sure that hands have converged.
Plan for hands:
we need to have a general plan for each postflop play we make,
there are times that we must check/fold flops/turns/rivers as the cards hurts our range to much compared to theirs, if we bet a profitable flop and double barrel a profitable turn, it can be optimal to check/fold a bad river card if we were planning on tripling good ones. equally as important as 'pulling the trigger' is sticking to the plan where we pull out and don't stick around in unprofitable spots.
when you expect a player to play back at you a high % of time, look for optimum line given his expected play "safe looking boards etc".
especially relevant when we have been running over someone/table, expect them to play back light we must open a wider value range and be prepared to play back at them, similarly if we expect them to tighten up and only play back with value we should tighten our value range and virtually remove our bluff range.
We shouldnít be looking at streets in isolation but at the hand as a whole as a marginal cbet can be made profitable by a a lot of good barrel cards and the ability to turn more equity
when being 3bet light, tighten up opening range, widen 4bet freq
plan to 4bet before opening. if we are opening/3betting/4betting without a clear plan if we get flatted/played back at, this is a massive leak.
also applies to cbetting/barreling and check/raising aswell
Shallow Stack Play:
When we are playing with a shallow stack we need to drastically alter our strategy and ranges, the degree to which we adjust depends on.
-stack sizes (smaller stack sizes indicate weaker shoving ranges but can often change opening ranges, good players will not have many small pairs in steal range with 16-30bb)
-positions (relative positions change our fold equity greatly, also change the likelihood of being called)
-opening and calling ranges of opponent
-bubble factors, bubble aware opponents loosen considerably to take advantage of opponents, weak players do the opposite. 3bet both types light, especially aware opponents.
-game flow and table dynamics
often left out as we consider hands in a vacuum, it is often correct to fold what is a 'correct' shove due to shoving the last 3 hands or based on our loose image, equally we can open wider when we have a tighter image.
flatting to induce a squeeze and other plays postflop are highly reliant on table dynamics, other opponents will often fail to adjust which means we can exploit them.
-its also important to be aware of the pot odds
being offered for a call and whether being
Purely as a bluff
Pot size=success rate to be profitable
all dependent on the prospective calling ranges of opponents
as a general rule we will get less value from our cbets from EP and get less folds from LP so we should adjust our frequencies accordingly
we will get floated on a lot more flops BvB so therefore
we should be double barreling more often BvB
cbetting then always check/folding turn is a massive leak
there is a tendency of opponents to float more and more often to exploit weak players inability postflop, double barreling will almost always get regs to fold worse.
Situations we should strive for
which is where we expect them to fold a profitable portion of their range, or fold hands that have good equity against ours, or fold better hands than our own.
Or where we will get calls from hands we have good equity against, or hands we can make fold on later streets, or hands that we can extract value from that are unlikely to improve.
you don't get looked up by much when cbetting into more players
(best done with air or aces/nines ie a polarized range)
AK on JQ3 board, better to cbet with some equity since this board hits their ranges
(opponents continuing range is likely ahead of us and we only really fold out hands that completely whiffed.
Spots where we are unsure and feel the spot is marginal:
Factors we want to consider
-remaining stack size, if we are well below/above the average we can adjust considering the actions of the remaining stacks, taking a marginal shove when there will be clear 3bet shoving spots,
-awkward open spots with 18-20bb can often be avoided if opponents are active and we are intending to raise/fold as it is better to prefer chips for greater fold equity to 3bet shove
-tendencies of opponent, also if opponent is a winner as most losers don't adjust properly and will fold too much/too little/open too little and affects our profitable playing ranges
-when the blinds are due to increase, changes our marginal situation into a clear one as our actual stack size is shallower than our opponents are aware of.
-the general ability of those on our table, if we have a tough table draw or our utility is constrained taken marginal spots in order to force dynamic changes is often a better idea than passing on it, equally weaker tables that we are running over is better to avoid marginal 3b/4b and postflop situations.
Heads Up Dynamics:
-3bet light first time with dynamics
-3bet often and light
-can expect good players to bluff often and get to showdown with meduim strength hands, weaker players will often be too tight pre or flop and overvalue A high
-everything is meta
-balance ranges by being aggressive with air
-note player tendencies
-take lines that are similar to previous action in order to prevent opponent from narrowing your range
-when opponents enters push fold at 30bb we can on pen every button and 3bet often
-have to 3bet someone to let them know they cant steal our blinds every time
Deriving information on opponents without SD:
-pay attention to unusual actions post flop as they offer very exploitable leaks.
-flat/folding with inappropriate stack sizes
-take notes of actions with possible ranges on certain action and flops
-check calls followed by fold indicate parts of his range we can fold out
-what people do in 3bet pots is really important.
-donk/fold means that they will donk with air on wet boards and we can show opens less respect
When we are betting as a bluff:
-our perceived range matters
-barreling looks strong
-hands with equity but no SDV should be c/r or bet if we have fold equity
we can and should 3bet/4bet/5bet light when the situation is profitable to do so.
-leading out after cbet, can often force a fold from wide ranges that may be ahead of yours
-consider how opponent will view bet sizing
When we are considering how to play the river:
-remember previous action
-range on each street to deduce possible hands
-look at our action and what it indicates our range is, overrepped, underrepped?
-Being out of position makes it so much harder
-effective stacks dictate pre flop play and effect ranges
-every hand is like a story and you have to figure out if it makes sense
-do we have showdown value
-are we ahead of his range?
-can we fold better
-can worse call
-what are we doing if he raises
-do we close the action
-is he capable of bluffing
Opponents Tendencies and how to exploit them:
Villain: Not opening enough
We: call less pre-flop, 3bet bluff less, slowplay less, call less postflop. adjustments are dynamic so adjust according to how much they vary from expected. if they barrel off a ton then slowplaying is good.
Villain: opening too much
We: 3bet bluff a lot more, call more preflop, slowplay more if they are too lag, call more postflop. if they are capable of 4bet bluffing then 3betting and shoving ranges should be depolarized valuey
early stages 3bets unlikely to get action so flatting is often best option
Villian: not 3betting enough
We: open more, fold to more of his 3bets, 4bet bluff less, 4bet for value with a stronger range, slow play less.
Villain: 3betting too much
We: open less, fold less to 3bets
4bet bluff more, 4bet for value wider range, slowplay more as they will attack stack
Villain: doesn't 4bet enough
We: 3bet more as a bluff
3bet with a stronger range for value
fold more to his 4bets
3bet wider range if he is raise/calling too wide a range as we will have position and initiative
Villain:4bet too much
We: 3bet less as a bluff
3bet with a weaker range for value (weak pair type hand 3bet with the intention to 5bet) negative ev 3bet made up for with 5bet.
fold less to his 4bets
Villian:3betting too narrow value range (flatting with value hands when he should be 3betting them not flatting 9s, 10s etc). this effectively increases ratio of bluffs to value hands.
We: 4bet with a stronger value range, (4bet/call rather than 4bet shoving as fold equity is so much stronger)
4bet bluff more, as 5bet bluffs are going to be so uncommon (noone 5bets air enough)
call 3bet more pre, narrower value range means we can stack them when deep.
bluff more postflop, they will get to there with a weaker range as they aren't 3betting weaker part of value range.doesnít apply if they are stationy or super aggro
betting stronger range for value post flop (they will have a more polarized 3betting and flatting range. so unlikely to lose value since their bluffs fold anyway and their weaker value hands arenít in range.
60bb stacks people don't 3bet for value unless they are willing to get it in (polarized range)
Villain:3betting with a wide value range
We: 4betting with a narrower range for value
4bet bluff less (less effective as more value in range than bluff)
call 3bet less preflop (higher ratio of strong to weak hands)
fold more postflop (more strong hands than air)
bluff less postflop (more hands that can hero)
value bet thinner postflop (less polarized range)
Villian: calling 3bets too light
We: 3bet bluff less (unless they fold a ton to cbets)
3bet a wider range for value (more equity than you normally would against his range)
bet flop more as their range is weaker (wider range means he is missing flop more and shouldn't be able to find float spots etc)
barrel turn and river more (getting to turn and river with a weaker range)
vbet thinner postflop ( will end up with more marginal hands to call with)(doesn't apply if they are folding flop a ton)
fold less postflop (weaker range, likely to have more weaker calls in their range)
slowplay more postflop (not as important, missing flop more often, can allow them to bluff of)(doesn't apply to stationy players)
Villain: folds to cbet too much
We: open more pre
cbet bluff more
fold to resistance more (check/raise)
fold more on future streets
bluff less on the turn/river
value bet narrower range on all streets
Villain: check raises cbet too much
We: open less
value bet a narrower range
call his c/r with weaker hands and fold less on future streets (assuming he continues to showdown with that weaker range) (dryer board narrows our range to very strong rather than draws)
cbet less with air (unless he folds a lot as he only c/r or folds)
3bet bluff flop more