Very good nabmom..
All these variables which you list are factors which could sway our decision. I call these 'peices of knowledge'. The more of these you can take into consideration the better. Although, most people think poker could be worked out by remembering millions of these little pieces of knowledge. This is actually true, it can be, but is a very difficult way to learn the game. Not only that, but it means your plays are rather static, other players at the table can work out your plays and adjust to beat you. I call these players, knowledge based players.
Your though process is what's called a 'level 1' thought process. Don't worry about being on level 1, it's actually easier to teach a level 1 player. The mind accepts the higher levels more easily.
Il follow with a template for upto level 3 logic but if you can make anything from this, you should have written. (This is an insanely complicated on as it's preflop so il be brief).
The villain raises, so his range is Ax+ 78+ etc etc
If I 3bet, my range becomes, AJ+ etc
He folds 75% of his hands so his range to continue will become AJ+ etc
From a pot size raise there is clear fold equity now.. We hit a few less flops than him.
If I call, my range looks like low pp etc
I will keep many hands in the villains range which I own such as JT. I hit much more flops than him.
This spot is close. So it doesn't really matter which option we take.
This may seem quite complicated, but, all I'm doing is drawing a picture of the ranges in my head, and then guessing what would happen to those ranges when I make a decision. Depending on the size of the bet, depends on what I need to happen. So, if I'm betting pot, and he's folding 1/3 of his range, it is a profitable and perfectly plausible play... Pokers actually a very similar game to 'guess who'. It is a little more complicated but not a great deal... Once I teach you all the rules it will become a million times easier.