What book are you reading?
A player's range is going to vary greatly depending on where in a tournament you are, for example. If someone has an M of 3, for example, his range on his shoving hands is going to be very large. Whereas someone with an M of 10 is going to have a much smaller range of hands that they would shove.
You'd have to be more specific on your example above with the pocket 4's.
As to the other part of your post, this preflop chart may be the type of thing you're looking for... but I'm not sure I completely understand what you're asking. Hope this helps, I'll check back to the thread and maybe I can get an idea of what you're more specifically looking for.