re: Poker & Learning:1question 'bout outs
Your first question is an easier one to answer because the number of outs is a purely mathematical concept. It assumes you understand what cards will make the hand you have into a better hand (one that will most likely beat your opponents). The easiest scenario is when you have 4 good cards and a potential 5th card will give you the best possible hand ("the nuts"). This Cardschat article
might help you.
Your second question is not a math concept per se. Bet sizing depends on so many factors:
* Is this a No limit holdem game or a PLO game, etc?
* Are you the first person putting money into the pot (an "open raise")?
* What is your position at the table (eg., first to act, sitting on the button)?
* Are you playing cash or a single table tournament (STT) or a multi-table tournament (MTT).
* Are you betting before the flop ("preflop") or on the turn or river?
* Do you know anything about the opponent(s) you're betting into?
* What do you want your bet to accomplish (eg., do you want them to fold or do you want to make the pot bigger so that you can win more as the hand progresses)?
While you may read that many guides suggest a standard size of open-raising preflop to 3 times the Big Blind (eg., in a .25/.50 NLHE game, an opening raise would be 1.50), there is no set rule. Some suggest opening 4 times when you're playing a "micro" game (like .01/.02). Some suggest only raising 2.2-2.5 times the Big Blind when you're in a tournament and the blinds are getting large.
This is all what makes poker a game of true skill. No simple answers since it pretty much depends on the specific situation you're in.
Your head may be spinning at this point. So, what are you supposed to do? Read everything you can get your hands on, post hands that you've played in the Hand Analysis sections of this forum and let folks advise you on specific scenarios, play lots of hands within your bankroll (an entire other topic that new players should understand), and always think about why you're playing a hand the way you are playing it (so much easier to say than to do).
I think the FullTilt Academy articles/videos are good so keep looking at those. On a forum like this, the more specific your question, the more specific an answer you'll get. So give us the details of a hand you've played and ask about your bet-sizing and how others would play it.
Most of all, enjoy playing and know that in this game, you'll always be learning. Personally, that's one of the reasons I love poker!