I think Zachvac said it best. You invested $10 when, hoping to get a set and win $50. Investing 1/5th on a 1/8.5 shot is going to burn you.
Of course, I guess you say that you invested "$5 more." But seeing as how he re-raised, and how aggressive those types of games seem to be, you can pretty much assume that you're *not* going to see a turn for free. Would you call a raise on the flop if you didn't hit? If you would, then you're pretty much dedicating all of your chips to this one hand.
But post flop... I don't know how fast you shoved all your chips in when he shoved, but you probably didn't do it fast enough. It was an insta-insta-call.